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Bluff Hut

Bluff Hut

(Bluff Hut looking upriver: Photo Andrew Buglass 2010)

Maintenance Status

Bluff Hut and its access tracks and routes are fully maintained by DOC currently. In 2009 Bluff was shifted from its original position on the bush edge at the lip of the upper Hokitika basin, due to the site's geological instability. The Hut was relocated a couple of hundred metres further upvalley in more open country, and effectively rebuilt in the process. Bluff is on the Frew Saddle - Toaroha Saddle circuit, a reasonably popular remote tramp included in Shaun Barnett's revised edition of Classic Tramps.


Hokitika catchment. Map BV19. Grid Ref: E1447431/ N5232293. Altitude 925m. Bluff Hut is located in open country above the TL of the upper Hokitika River and has exceptional views out over the Hokitika and Mungo valleys. The access track up from the Hokitika valley is very steep and passes through some spectacular bluffs, that are cracked and fissured and cloaked in montane forest. The Hokitika River drops parallel to the track in a series of spectacular waterfalls, 400 vertical metres in less than a kilometer, to the Mungo confluence. Upriver from the Hut a small canyon opens out to an expansive tussock basin that rises at a gentle gradient for several kilometers to Mathias Pass on the Main Divide. An attempt to graze sheep in the basin in the late 1800's ended disastrously with when deep snow drifts buried the overwintering animals.


Bluff Hut can be accessed from the Hokitika roadend via the Whitcombe valley and Frew Saddle in 1.5-2 days. Access from the Toaroha end of the circuit via Toaraoha Saddle and the Mungo River takes 2-2.5 days. The tracks from both ends are regularly maintained by DOC and are in good shape currently.

The route to Bluff from Frew Saddle Biv is marked by snow poles which lead over the Saddle and down a steep tussock face into into the upper Hokitka basin. When snow-free the the basin is open, easy travel. In winter travel is dependent on snow cover and conditions, and can be a slow plod if the snow is deep and soft. A marked track starts around the 1040m contour and leads through the scattered scrub on the TL bank to opposite Steadman Creek. Snow poles lead up and over a tussock knoll here, then drop down to a section of track cut through the alpine scrub above a small canyon. The trail enters the riverbed opposite Tub Creek and follows it to the mouth a second canyon, where exits and climbs up and around through open tussock and patchy scrub to the Hut. Allow 2.5 - 3 hours to get from Frew Biv to Bluff Hut in good conditions.

The route to Bluff Hut from Poet Hut is down the TR of the Mungo River and is a mix of track and boulderhopping. A swingbridge crosses to the TL of the Hokitika just below where it enters the Mungo, and the track climbs steeply up a bluffy spur on the TL of the Hokitika. DOC has removed some aluminium ladders and chains that the NZFS put in on the steeper sections of the route. These are mostly fine without, although a few of the current hand holds are the stumps of small trees which will eventually rot and break. The track emerges at the bushline at the old Bluff hutsite, and from here it is a couple of hundred metres through open country to the Hut. Allow 2.5 - 3 hours to reach Bluff Hut from Poet.


Bluff Hut was built by the NZFS around 1962 and was a standard 4-bunk S81 design with open fire. The fire and chimney were removed early on, and the cupboard and vestibule area were modified in the early 1980's to create more space. A roof-fed watertank would have installed around the same time. Bluff became isolated from the Frew - Toaroha circuit and fell into disrepair for a period after the Hokitika swingbridge was washed out in the early 1990's. A new bridge was built in 2009 and the Hut was shifted and upgraded in conjunction with this. The only remnant of the original structure seems to be the flat-iron wall cladding on the exterior. The revamped structure is longer, has two extra bunks, a wood burner, a porch, a deck, and double-glazed windows, including an extra one on the northern wall. The Hut is bolted onto an exposed rock bench and anchored with tie-downs.


Bluff Hut is in excellent condition currently. Some of the paint is starting to flake on the exterior wall cladding. There have been problems getting a decent hole dug for the toilet and it's already been shifted once. The new site below the Hut is a slight improvement, but it's still a splasher.


Sir Robert Hut can be accessed from Bluff via Tub Creek and Homeward Ridge. The Hokitika here isn't usually problematic to cross, and the TR fork of Tub Creek provide provides access to the gentle tussock faces of Homeward Ridge. Steadman Saddle is not a viable option for getting down onto into Sir Robert Creek as the terrain below it is steep and unstable. Continue instead down Homeward Ridge to the 1440m contour line (around 1449130E/ 5231595N) and drop East here down a steep side-spur into the Sir Robert catchment. Drop in a SE direction from where the side-spur flattens at the 1250m mark into the tussock gut below. The gut becomes a small creek further down and passes through a band of ribbonwood, after which it cascades down a series of rock steps into a larger side-creek. It is a reasonably easy to scramble down this bit by sticking more or less to the creek bed. Follow the larger side-creek down to where it enters Sir Robert Creek, around 300m downstream from the Hut. Boulderhop up the TL to a short section of track that goes behind a large boulder, around 20m below where the track exits the Creek and climbs up to the Hut. Allow around 4-5 hours for the crossing from Bluff Hut to Sir Robert Hut in good conditions. Ice axes and possibly crampons may be necessary on the steeper sections leading down into Sir Robert Creek during the colder months. There is a moderate avalanche risk here also after heavy snowfalls.

The NZFS ceased maintaining the tracks on the TR of the Hokitika below the Bluff bridge in the mid 1970's, and they overgrew and became unfollowable in the following couple of decades. The two Huts on this section, (Frisco and Serpentine) became isolated and were seldom visited, although they both received some maintenance from DOC in 2004. Serpentine became a maintain-by-community project in 2014 and was repiled and painted in 2015. In 2011 the old trackline from Darby Creek up to Frisco Hut was recut and marked by volunteers, and in 2014-15 the gorge sections from Serpentine down to the Whitcombe Junction were recut. The track from Frisco down to Serpentine was finished in 2106. Completion of this route has provided access from up the Hokitika valley to Poet for the first time in over 30 years.

Frisco Hut can be accessed down the TR from the Bluff swingbridge. A short section of the old NZFS track from the bridge heading downriver was recut in 2017. It drops onto the riverbed which is then followed for 15 minutes to Darby Creek. The Creek would be uncrossable after heavy rain. The track entrance is 100m up Darby Creek on the TR and is marked with a white permolat "T." It follows the ridge up to the 800m contour where veers West and sidles downriver across the bush faces. The route crosses a series of old regenerating slips and a couple of actively eroding bits that need to be upclimbed to maintain the sidle. The open sections are marked with poles and cairns. After crossing the slips the track enters montane forest and sidles in and out of the upper branches of Detour Creek to the Hut. The track up the ridge was recut to 600m in 2017 and trimmed from here to the start of the sidle in 2018. The sidle section was recut and marked in 2018. Allow 3.5-4 hours to reach Frisco from Bluff Hut.

There is a relatively straightforward high-level route from Bluff Hut to Frew Biv (or vice versa) over Conway Ridge. This shouldn't take a great deal longer than the valley route in good conditions, and has lovely views.

Mathias Pass is accessed by continuing up the upper Hokitika basin past the Frew Biv turnoff. Exit the River on the TL around the 1320m contour and head directly up the tussock face 140 vertical metres to the Pass. Canyon Creek basin is easy travel down to the 1000m contour where the old Dobson bench track leaves the valley and sidles above the TL. The track has fallen away in places and is not followable. Continue instead down along the tussock benches on the TR of the Creek then drop into the creek bed at the top entrance of the gorge in the lower reaches. The gorge is negotiable when flows are low, otherwise a detour is required up an obvious side-creek on the TR to the 1500 contour line on the NE ridge of Monarch Hill. Drop down the ridge from here to the Mathias/ Canyon Creek confluence. Allow around 7-9 hours for the journey from Bluff Hut to Canyon Creek Biv.

Repairs Needed


Provisions on Site

Two bench seats, a hand saw, an axe, a first aid kit, three billies, a small frypan, a camp oven, an aluminium wash basin, a hearth shovel and brush, a coal bucket, and a roll of red permolat. There are odds and sods of timber and a wooden ladder under the Hut. A lot of the original wood framing, and some sheets of corrugated iron, and the door are still stacked down at the original hutsite.